In most cases, delivery doctors use a Cesarean delivery out of medical necessity. Reasons for this medical procedure include an abnormal fetal position, umbilical cord prolapse and the large head size in the newborn.
In some cases, the procedure has dubious benefits and could put the child at heightened risk of injury.
The rate of C-section delivery in New Mexico
Information from the New Mexico Department of Health shows that C-section deliveries in the state are slightly below the national average. Both nationally and statewide the rates of C-section deliveries increased during most years in the 21st century, though evidence shows stabilization of rates in recent years.
During one three-year period from 2012-to 2015, data showed that just over 76% of mothers gave birth vaginally. During this time, nearly 24% of mothers experienced a C-section delivery.
The NMDH stated that medical facilities perform potentially unnecessary C-sections. This could expose mothers and children to a variety of risks:
- Longer hospital stays
- Infections or blood clots
- Increased risks for future pregnancies
- Increased respiratory problems in newborns
- Reduced breastfeeding rates
The reasons for C-sections
Medical professionals performed the majority of C-sections due to problems before or during labor or due to failed induction of labor. The baby in the wrong position and too-long labor also accounted for a high number of Cesarean deliveries.
Most mothers who gave birth by way of a C-section reported that the healthcare provider made the decision. This decision either happened before labor in a majority of circumstances or during labor in slightly fewer instances. Mothers asked for a C-section in about 15% of these births.